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Mood swings during your period and what to do about them?

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) involves changes in mood and emotions, physical health, and behaviour. These changes develop between ovulation and the start of your period and last until a few days after your period begins. For most women, PMS shows up consistently each month. Along with the physical symptoms, your mood also tends to be affected, resulting in period mood swings. If you’ve been asked if it was that time of the month, read on to know why it’s okay to feel a rollercoaster of emotions at “that time of the month”.

Mood Swings Before Period (Pre-Period Mood Swings)

Now, let’s talk about those rollercoaster mood swings we often experience before our periods. These are also popular as pre-period mood swings. The emotional turbulence is real, and it’s like riding a hormonal wave.

First, you’re not alone in this – many of us deal with the emotional ups and downs. You might find yourself feeling irritable, weepy, or even downright cranky. It’s okay; it’s just your body’s way of preparing for the monthly cycle.

Permit yourself to take it easy, whether that means a cosy night in with your favourite comfort food or a soothing bath. Understand that these pre-period mood swings are temporary, and it’s perfectly normal to ride this hormonal wave.

Exercise can also do wonders for your mood by releasing endorphins and helping to balance those pesky hormones. Even a short walk can make a significant difference. Don’t worry about the extra heavy flow that might follow! You won’t have to worry about leaks with RIO Heavy Flow Pads with SAP absorbent technology!

Navigating mood swings before period is all about self-compassion, understanding, and a touch of self-care. You’ve got this – it’s just another part of the beautiful dance our bodies do every month. Take a deep breath, embrace the journey, and know that smoother days are just around the corner.

Mood Swings During Period

Though the exact reason is unsure, period mood swings are likely to be the effect of hormonal fluctuations that take place during the second half of the menstrual cycle. During ovulation, which happens halfway through your cycle, your body releases an egg. This causes a drop in oestrogen and progesterone levels. A shift in these hormones can lead to physical as well as emotional symptoms, resulting in mood swings during ovulation. It also influences serotonin levels. Serotonin helps regulate your mood, sleep cycle, and appetite. When serotonin levels are affected, feelings of sadness and irritability influence daily life. Cramps, sleeping trouble and food cravings add to this. Mood swings during periods are one of the most severe and dominant symptoms of PMS. Stressful situations can also add to it. Some women may be more likely to be affected by severe symptoms if they have a pre-existing history of depression, anxiety, or other menstrual conditions.

Key Causes of Mood Swings During Periods

The exact reason is unknown but hormones seem to be the most often cited causes of period mood swings. Along with that, dealing with cramps while being asked “is it that time of the month” may add to mood fluctuations. Nevertheless here are possible reasons for mood swings: Some people are hypersensitive to the hormone changes that happen during the menstrual cycle. This hypersensitivity may predispose a person to premenstrual and menstrual mood swings. When oestrogen and progesterone levels are affected serotonin levels go down as well. Serotonin regulates attention, behaviour and body temperature. When these levels go down, the body’s ability to regulate emotions and behaviour goes haywire.

Severe premenstrual mood swings can sometimes indicate an underlying health conditions:

  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) :
    Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) includes a variety of physical, emotional, and behavioural symptoms that occur before menstruation. Many females who menstruate undergo the symptoms of PMS,and it is completely normal to have symptoms that are more than mild. However, a certain percentage of those with PMS may experience more severe or clinically identified symptoms like:
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
    Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a varying and extreme form of PMS. The major difference between PMS and PMDD is dependent on how severe the symptoms are and how long they last. A person with PMDD will have significant mood swings during periods that may interfere with their personal and professional relationships. The symptoms can continue for a week after the period has ended. This constant hormonal, emotional and physical change is what affects period mood swings

Hemali, 22, describes it as a harrowing experience. “My mood swings start a week before my period and last until a week after my periods stop. I constantly have cravings and I end up having a rollercoaster of reactions to things I’m not otherwise bothered about. Sometimes it feels like I only get one week without mood swings or physical symptoms”, she says.

  • Premenstrual exacerbation (PME) :
    Some may find that a pre-existing mental health condition worsen prior to a period. This is known as premenstrual exacerbation (PME). Some mental health conditions that may worsen shortly before a period include anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder.

There could be other reasons for period mood swings too. It is quite important to receive an accurate diagnosis and gain access to treatment accordingly.

Tell-tale Symptoms to Watch Out for

We’ve all been at the mercy of mood swings taking over our personal and professional lives. It is completely normal and acceptable for someone to experience mood swings. Here are a few of the symptoms one may face:

  • Irritability :
    Women going through period mood swings may get irritated over little things around them. Mental health conditions may develop or become severe.
  • Crying :
    Though it is usually a result of serious pain in the abdomen area, menstrual mood swings can also add to it.
  • Anger/Irritability :
    Sometimes minute things can be a complete mood changer and may even induce normal.

Other common symptoms include difficulty concentrating, fatigue, forgetfulness, feeling overwhelmed or out of control, crying without knowing the reason, loss of interest in most activities. sudden sadness, sensitivity to rejection, social withdrawal, breast tenderness, swelling of the feet or hands, joint or muscle aches or pains, difficulty sleeping. Most symptoms are common among most women. Yet, the hindrance and severity you face are inclusive to you.

Period Mood Swings Symptoms

Let’s understand the symptoms of period mood swings now, breaking them down into three key aspects: physical symptoms, psychological symptoms, and behavioural symptoms. Understanding these facets can help you navigate this monthly rollercoaster with a bit more clarity and self-compassion.

  • Physical Symptoms:

So, your body is gearing up for periods, and you might notice a few physical shifts. Bloating, breast tenderness, and headaches can make their entrance as if they’re part of an unwelcome pre-show. Don’t be surprised if your energy levels dip or if you find yourself craving certain foods. Your body is simply responding to hormonal changes. Combat these symptoms with gentle exercises, hydration, and nutritious snacks – your body will thank you.

  • Psychological Symptoms:

Ah, the emotional whirlwind that often accompanies pre-menstrual days. It’s not just you; many of us experience heightened emotions during this time. You might find yourself feeling more irritable, anxious, or even a tad weepy. The emotional volume gets turned up a notch. Embrace it as a natural part of the process, but also be mindful of your mental well-being. Incorporate relaxation techniques, like deep breathing or meditation, to help keep your emotional ship steady.

  • Behavioural Symptoms:

Your behaviour can be influenced by those hormonal shifts too. You might notice changes in your sleep patterns, appetite, or even your social interactions. Some folks become more introverted, needing a bit of personal space, while others may seek comfort in the company of loved ones. The key here is to listen to what your body and mind need. If a cosy night in with a good book is calling your name, go for it. If chatting with a friend is what you crave, that works too. Trust your instincts and adjust your routine accordingly.

Is it normal?

Wondering if what you’re going through is normal? Absolutely. Every menstruator experiences a unique blend of symptoms during that time of the month. From mood swings to cramps, it’s all part of the beautiful chaos of our bodies doing their thing. If you’re ever uncertain, it’s okay to reach out to friends, family, or a healthcare professional. Remember, your journey is uniquely yours, and there’s comfort in knowing you’re not alone in the ebb and flow of the menstrual cycle.

How to control mood swings during periods?

Feeling like a hormonal tornado? Take a deep breath, friend. To tame those menstrual mood swings, try incorporating calming practices into your routine. Engage in light exercises, like yoga, to ease physical tension and boost your mood. Prioritise quality sleep to recharge your body. Embrace mindfulness techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, to alleviate the suffering. And, of course, show yourself some love – indulge in your favourite comfort foods or activities. It’s all about navigating the storm with a bit more grace and self-care. You’ve got this!

Period Mood Swings Management & Treatment

If your most searched question on Google is ‘how to stop mood swings’, here are a few tips on how to handle mood swings:

  • Exercise :
    Physical activity can lift moods and release endorphins, which are feel-good brain chemicals that are released during exercise. This may help fight some of the hormone changes that may trigger severe period mood swings as well as other symptoms.
  • Calcium supplements :
    They not only help with fatigue but also answer your question on how to deal with menstrual mood swings.
  • Stress management :
    Relaxation techniques, yoga, meditation and exercises help with regulating your mood swings.
  • Avoiding caffeine and alcohol :
    Caffeine tends to increase anxious thoughts and sleeplessness. It would be best to avoid it before your period week.
  • Prescribed medications :
    After consulting with a doctor, you can take medicines that help with the cramps, which in turn lessens the intensity of the mood swings.
  • Eating a balanced diet:

When those cravings kick in during your period, reaching for a balanced diet can be a game-changer. Opt for whole grains, lean proteins, and plenty of fruits and veggies. These foods provide the nutrients your body needs to tackle period challenges head-on. So, next time you’re eyeing that chocolate bar, balance it out with some nuts or a banana.

When to see a doctor

If your period feels like more of a battleground than usual, and home remedies aren’t cutting it, it might be time to give your friendly neighbourhood doctor a visit. If the pain becomes unbearable, your flow is off the charts, or if mood swings are disrupting your daily life, these could be signs of something worth checking out. Your well-being matters, and there’s no shame in seeking professional advice. A doctor can provide tailored solutions to make your monthly cycle a bit more manageable.

Beat Mood Swings and More With RIO Pads

The key to beating mood swings also includes bleeding comfortably and without worry during your periods. You do not want to worry about an overflowing pad while being on period mood swings and cravings.RIO heavy flow pads are designed to absorb high amounts of bleeding and clotting and are the best period pads for heavy flow. RIO heavy flow pads come with double wings to provide extra strong glue-grip. The side guards and double wings keep the pad in place and prevent leakage and staining during both day and night. RIO pads also provide odour lock, fast blood distribution and are antibacterial. The top cover made of cotton prevents rashes and irritation during periods.An RIO pad is also extra-long and gives you complete coverage at the back and front. Period mood swings will be a piece of cake to handle, provided you give yourself the best period care. And that includes choosing the right pad along with eating some chocolate and shutting down those ‘is it that time of the month” questions!


Navigating period mood swings is a shared journey, and it’s crucial to understand the symptoms, causes, and ways to manage them. From the emotional turbulence before and during periods to tips on controlling mood swings, it’s all part of the beautiful chaos of being a menstruator. Recognising the normalcy of these experiences and seeking professional help when needed is key. Remember, your well-being matters, and with a bit of self-compassion and care, you’ve got the tools to conquer the monthly rollercoaster. You’re not alone in this!


Why do I cry a lot during my period?

It’s completely normal to cry more during your period. Hormonal fluctuations, especially a drop in serotonin levels, can impact emotions. Embrace self-compassion, and consider relaxation techniques for relief.

How to handle the mood swings of a girl during periods?

Handling a girl’s mood swings during periods really isn’t hard. Offer support, listen empathetically, and maybe surprise her with a thoughtful gesture. Don’t make judgemental comments, or hurt her feelings! Understanding and empathy go a long way.

Why am I angry during my period?

Feeling angry during your period is totally normal – blame hormonal fluctuations. Embrace self-awareness, communicate your needs, and consider relaxation techniques to ride the emotional wave with grace.

How long do period mood swings last?

Period mood swings usually last from a few days before your period to a few days after it starts. It’s a temporary rollercoaster – hang in there!

Are mood swings real during periods?

Absolutely, mood swings during periods are very real. Hormonal fluctuations can affect emotions. It’s a shared experience, and understanding this allows for self-compassion and effective coping strategies.

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