Facing heavy flow during periods is what most women have to deal with at least for a few years of their lives. This could be heavy menstrual bleeding that could be caused as a symptom of an underlying cause such as PCOS or endometriosis, or simply heavy flow during periods caused due to a temporary change, such as stress or hormonal ups and downs.Most women bleed anywhere between 5 and 40ml per period. It may seem like heavy bleeding on some days due to pads filling up fast or the appearance of clots, but clinically heavy bleeding is classified as periods with more than 40ml of bleeding–ranging up to about 80ml.While it may not possible to manage heavy menstrual bleeding at home, the following could be indicators:
Soaking a regular pad/tampon every 2-3 hours
Having to get up at night at least once to change your pad
The passing of large, coin-sized clots
Bleeding along with intense pain
The appearance of dark/black coloured blood.
Heavy menstrual bleeding for more than 5 days.
Heavy menstrual bleeding more than once in 30 days.
Anemia, tiredness or fatigue
Causes and Symptoms of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
The first thing to do when dealing with heavy menstrual bleeding is to equip oneself with a heavy pad. A heavy period pad, such as the RIO pad is specially built to collect and absorb clots and up to 150ml of liquid at one go. Once the heavy pad takes care of the bleeding, one can turn their focus to understanding the reasons for heavy periods. Heavy menstrual bleeding causes could include the following:
Hormone imbalance: Periods are caused by the interplay of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These cause build up of the endometrium lining which awaits the receipt of the fertilised egg. A disbalance in hormones could cause the endometrium lining, which is one of the most common heavy period causes.
Dysfunction of the ovaries: The interplay of hormones is caused by the release of the egg by the ovaries. If the ovaries fail to release an egg or release one too late, the production of progesterone is affected, resulting once again in heavy menstrual bleeding.
PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is another commonly occurring disorder in women these days. PCOS includes an imbalance of the male hormone testosterone in the female body leading to weight gain, the appearance of the body and facial hair and either heavy menstrual bleeding or irregular periods. PCOS is also often coupled with the appearance of cysts on the ovary which are benign but interrupt hormone cycles.
Uterine Fibroids: These are benign (noncancerous) tumours that develop on the ovaries during childbearing years. They are one of the most common heavy period causes. These can be diagnosed by a gynecologist through ultrasound and are usually treated using medication.
Pregnancy Complications: A miscarriage, or the dislocation of the placenta can result in heavy menstrual bleeding. Many women also commonly require maternity pads or heavy period pads post pregnancy as the body heals itself from the act of having created a new human!
Heavy menstrual bleeding causes can also include some types of cancer, bleeding disorders, adenomyosis, polyps, the use of certain intrauterine devices or even certain anti-inflammatory diseases.The COVID vaccine was also reported by women around the world to be one of the reasons for heavy periods. Some doctors online said the vaccine affects the living of the uterus, causing it to thicken in excess (much like a hormonal imbalance) leading to the added flow.
Managing Heavy Menstrual Bleeding - Tips That Can Save You from Hassles
If you are undergoing heavy menstrual bleeding it is recommended you start paying more attention to your periods and listening to your body. Monitoring your period cycles, the start and end dates, the number of pads you are being required to use and clotting can help you paint a better picture to aid the gynecologist in their diagnosis. Additionally, a few lifestyle changes you could begin with to manage heavy bleeding include:
Exercise: Very often heavy menstrual bleeding is caused either by stress or disorders that lead to weight gain. Exercising can help the body adapt to stress, and help regulate hormones better. Exercises like Yoga can also better blood supply to the uterine region and reduce pain from heavy periods.
Sleeping better: Heavy menstrual bleeding can follow events of stress in one’s life. These could be break ups, pregnancy, job/city shifts or even many late nights at the work. Sleeping eight hours can help the body regulate its temperature, hormone levels and start internal healing mechanisms leading to the regularisation of periods.
Heating pads: Placing these on the abdominal region can help relax muscles reducing cramps that often come with the heavy period flow.
Dietary supplements could help deal with the symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding as well! The loss of excess blood results in the dipping of iron in the body. It is thus recommended that menstruators take iron supplements on and after heavy period days. Taking vitamin C can help the body absorb iron better. Eating pomegranate, ginger and beetroot can also help the body gear up with irons, haemoglobin and antitoxins.
How RIO Pads Can Help
While your body deals with fluctuating hormones, pain and cramps, don’t manage on slim-trim sanitary napkins and force yourself to change pads every few hours, keep checking for stains and interrupt sleep to check for leaks. The best pads for heavy periods are those which are longer, thicker and built with 3X absorption so that you don’t have to worry about stains and leaks while worrying about everything else. It is a good idea to buy smaller pack sizes so you can try new pads. There are a lot of newer niche brands in the market that solve various problems such as heavy flow, itching, rashes, and nigh-leakage. Trying these pads will help you find the best fit for a more comfortable period.“RIO pads are the best pads for heavy periods,” says Farishta from Delhi. “After my pregnancy, I could not sleep at night because of the tension of constant leaks. I’d either stay up because of the baby, or my uterus! Then I saw an RIO pad ad. That changed everything. These pads hold even the heaviest flow for 6-8 hours. And they are so soft! I love RIO.”