Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) is an endocrine condition. With dietary and lifestyle changes it is becoming increasingly common among women of reproductive age, 14-44 years. More than 20 percent of Indian women today suffer from PCOD. Some of these cases go unreported because women are taught that periods are meant to be painful, inconvenient and draining.
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What Do Hormones Have to Do with PCOD?
If you have PCOS, your ovaries produce unusually high levels of hormones called androgens. This causes your reproductive hormones to become imbalanced. As a result, people with PCOS often have erratic menstrual cycles, missed periods and unpredictable ovulation.
What is the reason for PCOD problem?
Researchers are unsure about the causes of PCOD. Insulin resistance and hormonal abnormalities are usually witnessed in women suffering from PCOD.
What are the symptoms of PCOD problem in females?
This is how to know if you have PCOD:
You experience irregular periods or no periods at all.
You might be facing difficulty in getting pregnant.
You might have experienced excessive hair growth in unusual places (hirsutism) on the face, chest, back or buttocks.
You might be obese or overweight, or gaining weight really fast for no apparent reason.
You might have thinning hair or male pattern baldness.
You often have to struggle with acne or oily skin.
Signs and symptoms of PCOD can differ from individual to individual. This makes it even more important to pay your doctor a visit.
When to Consult a Doctor
It might be a good idea to see a doctor as soon as you sense something is not right with your body you sense these signs of PCOD.
A doctor can just generally help you in diagnosing the problem, monitoring your symptoms, and recommending medications and lifestyle changes. Here’s a few things you might need to keep going to your doctor for:
Regular checks of blood pressure, glucose tolerance, and cholesterol and triglyceride levels
Your family doctor or a general physician is a good place to start your treatment. They can even help you find other specialists to help with your unique symptoms.
Your gynecologist or obstetrician can help with your menstrual and fertility problems. This is an excellent place to start your treatment journey. Depending on your symptoms and the treatment required, they might refer you to an endocrinologist or co-ordinate with them to treat you.
An endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the hormonal system. You might be referred to them for further diagnostic testing and treatment.
If normal treatment is working for you though, there is no need to see them initially.
Reproductive endocrinologists or fertility healthcare providers, specialize in sex hormones and are also credentialed as obstetricians and gynecologists.
You might want to consider having them on your team if you are trying to get pregnant.
Registered dietitians (RD) or registered dietitian nutritionists (RDN) are food and nutrition experts. They can provide nutrition education about PCOS, dietary supplements that may improve your condition. With them, you can even work out a meal plan as per your needs.
That was it from us today! If you need more help or have questions for us, leave them in the comments section below.