Women are often confused between PCOD and PCOS. These terms are used interchangeably, especially when trying to understand their relationship to a female’s pregnancy and fertility.
In reality, they are two very different conditions despite being related to the female reproductive system. Do you know how? Keep reading to find out.
WHAT IS PCOD?
PCOD is a disorder in which the ovaries start releasing premature eggs, which eventually turn into cysts. The ovaries get abnormally large and start producing an excess of male hormones.
PCOD is considered to be a milder version of PCOS. It occurs because of hormonal imbalance, which itself is a symptom and not a disorder. Therefore, PCOD is the manifestation of a symptom.
PCOS is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system. It is common among women who are in their childbearing or reproductive years, between the ages of 14 – 49 years.
The female body starts producing excess androgen or male hormones. This leads to an imbalance in the body.
The ovaries develop small non-cancerous, fluid-filled cysts or follicles. This is also where the condition gets its name from. Although, the formation of cysts is not true for every woman who is suffering from PCOS. A major difference between PCOS and PCOD is that in the medical field, PCOS is considered to be a more serious form of PCOD.
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SYMPTOMS OF PCOD AND PCOS
Symptoms of PCOS and symptoms of PCOD are quite similar. Some of these are as follows:
Irregular periods are the biggest sign of both PCOS and PCOD. You might have irregular, infrequent, or prolonged periods.
Excess of androgen can result in hair growth on your face, body hair, facial acne, and baldness in your head.
Severe menstrual cramps
Infertility is another telltale sign of PCOS. If you have been trying to get pregnant for a while but just can’t seem to, visiting your ob-gyn might be a good idea. PCOD does not affect a woman’s fertility or cause pregnancy complications.
Women suffering from PCOS and PCOD usually have abnormally heavy bleeding that lasts for more than a normal period of 5-6 days.
CAUSES OF PCOD and PCOS
The causes of PCOS are still unknown, as more research needs to be done on it. Experts believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors is to be blamed.
The causes of PCOD are considered to be all related to your lifestyle choices. Such as consuming junk food, being overweight, unhealthy sleeping patterns, etc.
TREATMENT FOR PCOD AND PCOS
The first step toward treating both PCOD and PCOS is to make lifestyle changes to help with the medications. You should:
Eat healthily; avoid junk, sweet, sugary, carbonated drinks and foods.
Avoid excess salt intake and artificial sweeteners.
Be active throughout the day, keep your body moving
Get at least eight hours of sleep mandatorily.
To help deal with the anxiety and depression created by these conditions, try yoga or meditation.
Your PCOD will generally be treated just by following a healthier lifestyle and regular visits to your doctor, who might prescribe some medications to help.
There are no medications available for PCOS as a disorder on the whole. Instead, your gynac might provide medications for specific symptoms. They might:
Prescribe anti-androgen drugs to control the excess production of male hormones.
PCOS-induced acne is more difficult to treat. Your doctor might prescribe some retinoids for this.
Oral contraceptives to combat menstrual cramps.
For more specific treatment of your unique symptoms, you should visit your doctor and follow their advice.